Fall Leaves Potential Organic Material


Fall LeavesLeaves – Falling leaves keep us busy raking but don’t destroy them. Leaves and pine straw can be used to advantage for mulching shrubs. Cap the loose leaf mulch with a light layer of pine straw to keep it from blowing away in windy weather.

Continue feeding through the fall but in a different way. Use slow-acting fertilizers such as manures, bone-meal or superphosphate. Use the latter in soils that are already non-acid. Manure on shrub borders, rose beds and bulb plantings will slowly feed the developing root systems through the winter but rake the manure from tulip beds in early spring as soon as the leaves show through the ground. Manure in direct contact with the foliage causes disease.

Vegetables – As soon as beans, corn or other crops are harvested destroy the old plants. Then, dig and pulverize well the vacated rows for fall and winter crops. Add a complete plant food. Use one pound for each 25 feet of row or 4 pounds for each 100 square feet. October planting should include carrots, leek, lettuce, kale, rape, spinach, mustard, Swiss chard, radish and turnips.

For the Lower South plant beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, celery, collards, cauliflower, Swiss chard, endive, kale, kohl rabi, lettuce, onion, radish, rutabaga, spinach.

Southern experiment stations have been testing varieties of head lettuce. Great Lakes and Imperial 847 are two of the best both for commercial culture and home gardens and also for arboricola standard. For novelty, try Bibb for crisp, delicious, dark green heads, small enough for individual servings. I have used it as border plantings.

Plants to set out now include cabbage and collards and if you can get them, broccoli and lettuce.

Herb gardens are becoming popular. Get a good book on herb culture and another that tells how to use herbs in cooking. Then, select the types you want to grow, and plant the seeds this month. Here are some that do well in the South: horehound, lavender, sweet marjoram, rosemary, thyme, balm, summer savory, anise, sage, sweet basil, borage, caraway, coriander and sweet fennel.

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fall leaves, falling leaves, fall leaf, falling leaf

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